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Variable Scope & Closure in Javascript

Sep 17, 2015  |  JavaScript  |  Closure

About Javascript closure:

闭包可以避免全局变量的污染;有利于对变量的控制; 其实闭包原理很简单的,就是开辟一个小的栈内存;也可以理解为,函数执行就是生成一个闭包(作用域); 但是闭包也有缺点:如果闭包外面有变量接收闭包内的引用类型返回值;那么这个作用域不销毁,浪费浏览器性能;(正常的闭包应该是运行过后,浏览器在空闲的时候销毁);

Why Javascript use closure:

JS没有class的概念,所以变量是全局的,很容易造成变量的污染,闭包的作用在于,闭包环境内,可以访问全局变量,在闭包环境里定义的变量,类似于class内定义的 private 变量,外部无法访问.


In Javascript, a immediately-execute function is not a property of the object window, we can charge that it as a property of an extra environment which named env, and when we use a variable in Javascript, the sequence to find the variable is as follow:

local -> env -> window

Here is a snippet to explain the theory:

!function A() {
  A = 1;
  console.log(A);   // => function (...)[...]
}
!function A() {
  var A = 1;
  console.log(A);   // => 1
}

Another intereting sample:

function B() {
  B = 2;
  console.log(B);
}

B();   // => 2, function B is a property of object window
B();   // error, the first time execute function B, the property B of window has been set 2, not a function

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